These groups, formed under section 527 of the Internal Revenue Code, primarily were involved in issue advocacy and weren't permitted to tell the public explicitly to elect or defeat a particular candidate – until the Supreme Court's Citizens United decision in 2010. Now, they may engage in the full range of political activity, including asking the public to vote for or against a would-be officeholder. Swift Boat Veterans for Truth, which ran "issue ads" critical of Democratic presidential nominee John Kerry's Vietnam War record in 2004, was one of the more well-known 527 groups in the pre-Citizens United years. Some organizations, including labor unions, use 527 accounts to support or oppose state and local candidates and contribute to other committees.
In addition, some large, national party-connected groups are formed as 527s, such as the Republican State Leadership Committee and the Democratic Governors Association.
* To avoid double-counting, these figures do NOT include fundraising by Joint Victory Campaign 2004, a joint fund-raising committee
|Service Employees International Union||$27,465,223|
|American Federation of Teachers||$17,927,893|
|Service Employees International Union||$18,992,658|
|American Federation of Teachers||$18,728,746|
|Carpenters & Joiners Union||$6,394,443|
|Karla Jurvetson MD||$5,037,465|
|Lewis, Daniel R. & Jan (Coral Gables, FL)||$1,500,000|
|Soros, George (New York, NY)||$1,350,000|
|Henry P. van Ameringen (New York, NY)||$1,111,000|
|Ackerman, Peter (Washington, DC)||$1,093,000|
|Eychaner, Fred (Chicago, IL)||$1,000,000|
This data is based on records released by the Internal Revenue Service on Wednesday, April 03, 2019.
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