Just about any country you can think of has interests in the United States, ranging from policy concerns to tourism and trade promotion. Many governments, companies and other entities pay foreign agents to influence U.S. policy and opinion in pursuit of those interests.

Foreign Lobby Watch uses the semi-annual reports foreign agents are required to file with the Department of Justice under the Foreign Agents Registration Act (FARA) to calculate the countries with the highest spending, learn more about different registrants acting on behalf of foreign interests, and more!

$2,271,966,227

Total Spending since 2016

544

Number of Foreign Principals since 2016

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Select a country to view its foreign lobbying data

Top 10 Countries, 2016-2020

Country Total Spending
Japan $169,715,599
South Korea $144,190,256
Liberia $128,072,628
Israel $126,707,873
Saudi Arabia $101,871,664
Qatar $101,729,531
Ireland $97,865,848
Bermuda $91,158,156
China $87,385,296
United Arab Emirates $83,086,261

Top 10 Foreign Principals, 2016-2020

Foreign Principal Total Spending
Government of Japan $137,926,342
Government of Liberia $127,000,303
Government of Bermuda $91,158,156
Government of Saudi Arabia $83,072,838
Government of the Bahamas $80,397,165
Government of Ireland $74,784,754
Government of the Marshall Islands $70,520,100
Government of Israel $69,900,379
Government of South Korea $65,453,458
Barzan Holdings $60,171,631

In addition to attempts to influence policy and public opinion, FARA requires registration for activities including tourism and trade promotion on behalf of a foreign principal. In some cases, the majority of a foreign principal’s activity is in support of these non-policy interests.

Figures on this page are calculations by the Center for Responsive Politics based on reports made available by the Department of Justice and updated daily. Totals reflect payments received between January 1, 2016 and present. Read more about our methodology.

Feel free to distribute or cite this material, but please credit the Center for Responsive Politics. For permission to reprint for commercial uses, such as textbooks, contact the Center: info[at]crp.org