Personal Finances

In some ways, lawmakers' finances look a lot like those of many Americans. They include diverse portfolios of stocks, bonds, mutual funds and real estate. They have bank accounts, credit cards and mortgages. The difference: Politicians generally have more money, must make their investments public and routinely have access to nonpublic information.

In this section, explore what lawmakers reported in personal financial disclosures through 2018, which we used to estimate their net worth. (Learn about our methodology and why these reports matter).

Richest Members of Congress, 2018

Below are the top ten richest members of both the House and Senate, collectively they account for almost half of the entire net worth of Congress.

Name Estimated Wealth
Mark Warner (D-Va)
$214,092,575
Greg Gianforte (R-Mont)
$189,334,335
Paul Mitchell (R-Mich)
$179,610,071
Vernon Buchanan (R-Fla)
$157,169,056
Chris Collins (R-NY)
$154,497,026
Don Beyer (D-Va)
$124,901,516
Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif)
$114,662,521
Dianne Feinstein (D-Calif)
$87,938,540
Suzan DelBene (D-Wash)
$79,361,042
Fred Upton (R-Mich)
$78,965,614

Poorest Members of Congress, 2018

The salary of a typical member of Congress is $174,000. No one is qualifying for food stamps, but some lawmakers carry significant personal and/or business debt. Here are those "poorest" members.

Name Estimated Wealth
Alcee L Hastings (D-Fla)
-$7,549,002
Emanuel Cleaver (D-Mo)
-$2,266,995
Bobby L Rush (D-Ill)
-$2,250,000
Todd Young (R-Ind)
-$1,392,999
Marco Rubio (R-Fla)
-$1,262,995
Bill Cassidy (R-La)
-$1,115,970
Jim Langevin (D-RI)
-$1,078,494
Tim Scott (R-SC)
-$1,053,997
Brian Schatz (D-Hawaii)
-$554,493
Doug Collins (R-Ga)
-$246,494

Biggest wealth increase in Congress, 2008-2018

Download .csv file

Not all politicians come into office wealthy – but many leave that way. Here are the top 10 winners of the past decade.

Name Growth Percentage Avg. Wealth 2008 Avg. Wealth 2018
Napolitano, Grace (D-Calif)
11312.6% $8,000 $913,004
Chu, Judy (D-Calif)
7606.0% $92,007 $7,090,031
Olson, Pete (R-Texas)
6524.7% $85,514 $5,665,019
Peterson, Collin C (D-Minn)
3334.4% $123,502 $4,241,504
Pingree, Chellie (D-Maine)
2148.4% $442,002 $9,938,006
Guthrie, Steven Brett (R-Ky)
1718.0% $421,506 $7,663,010
Wittman, Rob (R-Va)
1137.2% $133,004 $1,645,563
Bishop, Rob (R-Utah)
1056.8% $3,501 $40,501
Heinrich, Martin (D-NM)
1031.2% $27,317 $309,017
Johnson, Eddie Bernice (D-Texas)
970.4% $57,503 $615,501

Estimated Wealth Over Time

This graph displays the median of the estimated net worth of Senate and House members. In 2018, for example, half of the Senate was worth more than $1,696,020 million. In the House, half of the members were worth less than $489,514.

The tables on this page are based on 2018 filings, the latest personal finance disclosure information available. Explore specific politicians in our "Net Worth" section.

Feel free to distribute or cite this material, but please credit the Center for Responsive Politics. For permission to reprint for commercial uses, such as textbooks, contact the Center: info[at]crp.org